In Latin America and the Caribbean, 45 percent of children are affected by at least one moderate to severe deprivation, which means that almost 81 million people aged under 18 suffer from child poverty, according to a study by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and the U. N. Children’s Fund.
The study “Child poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean,” develops measurement and diagnosis of child poverty in the region and seeks to put forward public policy recommendations to overcome the problem. The study points to a very uneven situation among countries: in Bolivia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Peru, over two thirds of children are poor while in Chile, Costa Rica and Uruguay, fewer than one in four live in poverty.
The study, carried out between 2008-2009, measured multiple dimensions of child poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean, linking each one to compliance with the International Convention on the Rights of the Child, which came into force in 1989.
The study took account of factors such as nutrition, access to drinking water, connection to sanitation services, quality of housing and the number of people per room, school attendance and access to information and communication media. The study said that deprivation of comumunication and media is something that contributes to a frame of poverty and social exclusion.
The analysis also considered the level of household income and the potential capacity of these resources to meet their basic needs.