According to several studies and research over the past years, coastal regions are extremely vulnerable to the potential impacts of a warming climate. A new report seeks to find out what the situation is in the region.
The study “Climate change impacts in the Latin American and Caribbean coastal regions: changes, trends and climate variability,” was prepared by the Environmental Hydraulics Institute of the University of Cantabria, Spain. The report examines a coastal region of approximately 44,851 miles covering four geographic areas: North America, Central America, South America and the Caribbean islands.
It is the first of a series of documents prepared as part of the “Regional Study on Climate Change Impacts in the Latin American and Caribbean Coastal Regions,” financed by the Government of Spain through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation and the Ministry of the Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs.
“This volume shows an atlas of the current physical conditions and changes detected in costal variables, such as the average sea level, surface temperature of the sea, salinity, swell, astronomical tide, air temperature anomaly, wind and hurricanes,” states the document.
“This knowledge is key to coastal and port engineering, the analysis of vulnerability of human settlements in coastal areas and the integrated management of the environment at the coast, among others,” states the report.
The possible future change trends of the different variables for 2040, 2050 and 2070 are also analyzed in the report, in addition to climate variability patterns year on year, such as the El Niño-Southern Oscillation phenomenon.
Future documents relating to the regional study will be published this year.