Costa Rica is in 34th place among 132 countries in a new index of connectivity, according to a report released Wednesday at the Expo PYME 2012 exposition in the Antigua Aduana in San José.
The ranking was praised by the Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Comercio.
The report establishes a new connectedness index, the first attempt to measure knowledge networks for private sector policy, said the originator, the U.N. Industrial Development Organization.
Switzerland topped the global ranking, followed by Sweden, Denmark, the United States, The Netherlands, Belgium, Finland, Austria, Singapore, Norway, Canada, Ireland, Germany, the UK, France, Australia, Iceland, Japan, Malaysia, the Czech Republic, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Israel, Slovenia, the Republic of Korea, and Thailand.
The Spanish MDG Achievement Fund financed the program, Networks for Prosperity, as part of a project that aims to establish a global knowledge system for private sector development. The report lays the basis for policy recommendations that will help developing countries acquire and adapt private sector development know-how, the U.N. agency said.
The report said that the connectedness of a country has a strong positive relationship with various measures for its economic performance, justifying the growing interest of policy-makers in knowledge networks. Specific issues related to the governance of international, inter-organizational and intra-organizational networks are discussed in separate chapters. These are illustrated with detailed examples from Costa Rica and 11 other countries: Bolivia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Panama, Peru, Serbia, Turkey and Vietnam.
Costa Rica was cited for work that the economics ministry did in the Brunca region in southwest Costa Rica to use public and private contacts to promote local development projects.
The U.N. agency said that while not a new phenomenon, knowledge networking and network governance have gained importance with the rapid globalization in all spheres of societies: economic success, social cohesion and environmental sustainability in a country depends more than ever on the performance and behavior of its neighbors, regional leaders and global economic powers. Knowledge about these, with a focus on the driver of development, private enterprise, has therefore become of crucial importance, and knowledge management and knowledge networking are important topics for change agents and policymakers, the agency added.