The Fuerza Pública managed to capture the trio at a rural intersection after police bullets shattered their windshield.
Police said one of the men had just been released from prison where he was serving a murder sentence.
The suspects face allegations stemming from a robbery wave in the area over the last 15 days. Victims described a red car, which is how police became aware of the suspects.
The robberies that police know about happened in Muelle, Aguas Zarcas, San Francisco de la Palmera, Caimital and Platanar de Florencia, said police. Some were home invasions.
The other suspects have criminal records for robbery, police said.