Venezuela’s largest protests since the death of longtime leader Hugo Chavez nearly one year ago are sweeping the country. Rampant inflation, violent crime and chronic shortages of basic goods are fueling the outrage that is dividing the South American nation.
The country’s main political opposition coalition on Wednesday refused to attend crisis talks called by the government in an attempt to halt the nearly three weeks of protests that have left 14 people dead.
President Nicolás Maduro had called a national peace conference, but the main political opposition coalition denounced the planned talks as an insult to the slain protesters.
The most prominent opposition leader, Henrique Capriles, had earlier said he would not attend, dismissing the talks as a government photo op.
Venezuela today is a divided country, with so-called Chavista supporters of President Maduro on one side and an increasingly broad anti-government movement on the other.
Anti-government protesters hurled rocks in the northern city of Valencia Wednesday as police fired back with rubber bullets. In the capital, Caracas, Venezuelan women took to the streets to rally against Maduro while pro-government farmers protested in largely peaceful rival rallies.
“As we all know, young people here have an uncertain future, and we are simply protesting against that uncertainty that Venezuelans live with every day, like we did yesterday, and like we will do tomorrow and the day after, demonstrating in the streets,” said Juan Quintana, a student demonstrator.
Polling data going back to 2012 reveal that Venezuelans have experienced a considerable drop in their quality of life, according to Gerver Torres, a Latin America specialist with Gallup.
“If you see the numbers, the economic indicators, the social indicators, the state of infrastructure in Venezuela, it’s very easy to come to the conclusion that people have many different reasons to be on the street. You would be surprised if they were not there,” Torres said.
Largely fueling the anger is a litany of problems in a country with the world’s largest oil reserves. Basic goods like milk and toilet paper run chronically short. Violent crime is an ever-present menace.
The oil industry, which accounts for 95 percent of Venezuela’s exports, is a shadow of its former self, Torres said.
Nonetheless, Mark Weisbrot, who co-directs the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington, contends that Venezuela’s opposition can’t win at the ballot box so they are driving up support with protests.
He acknowledged the demonstrators have some legitimacy based on the country’s myriad of problems.