World Bank ranks country in 87th place of 160 in trade logistics

The country is in 87th place in an index of trade logistics, according to the World Bank, which created the index.

The gap between the countries that perform best and worst in trade logistics is still quite large, despite a slow convergence since 2007, according to the World Bank Group report. This gap persists because of the complexity of logistics-related reforms and investment in developing countries, and despite the almost universal recognition that poor supply-chain efficiency is the main barrier to trade integration in the modern world.

The report, Connecting to Compete 2014: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, ranks 160 countries on a number of dimensions of trade — including customs performance, infrastructure quality, and timeliness of shipments — that have increasingly been recognized as important to development. The data comes from a survey of more than 1,000  logistics professionals. The World Bank Group’sInternational Trade Unit has produced the Logistics Performance Index about every two years since 2007.

In the 2014 report, Germany showed the world’s best overall logistics performance. Somalia had the lowest score. As with previous editions, the 2014 report finds that high-income countries dominate the world’s top-ten performers. Among low-income countries, Malawi, Kenya, and Rwanda showed the highest performance. In general, the trend across past reports has been that countries are improving and low-performing countries are improving their overall scores faster than high-performing countries.

The 2014 report finds that low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries will need to take different strategies to improve their standings in logistics performance. In low-income countries, the biggest gains typically come from improvements to infrastructure and basic border management. This might mean reforming a customs agency, but, increasingly, it means improving efficiency in other agencies present at the border, including those responsible for sanitary and phyto-sanitary controls. Often, multiple approaches are required.

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