The national library is celebrating its 126th birthday with a display of some 70 documents, newspapers and other written material about the Campaña Nacional from 1856 to 1857,
The exposition also honors Juan Mora Porras, who rallied the country to confront the filibusterer William Walker, who had eyes for Costa Rica. Among the documents is the official bulletin that Mora produced to tell the country about the threat from the north. This year is the 200th anniversary of his birth.
Also being honored are other Costa Ricans who have fought to keep their country free, according to the Biblioteca Nacional, the national library.
The exposition will run until April.
In addition to a physical exposition at the main library, the Sistema Nacional de Bibliotecas is creating a virtual exposition that may be accessed via its Web page. (www.sinabi.go.cr)
The public attitude toward the campaign is best seen in the Monumento Nacional, a giant sculpture that stands in nearby Parque Nacional. A graphic of the sculpture appears on the program for the exposition. The scene shows the Central American states, represented by five women, driving away William Walker.
Much of Costa Rica’s success was due to intervention by the British, the U.S. Navy and the supplies provided by U.S. tycoon Cornelius Vanderbilt, who had an axe to grind with Walker.