Summit declarations back member states

The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States approved perhaps as many as 27 declarations before delegations headed home Thursday.

Most catered to the individual issues facings countries that attended.

For example, the summit assembly rejected the use of what it called coercive methods against Venezuela. In December U.S. President Barack Obama signed sanctions against Venezuelan government officials who violated the right of protesters. The action, which was approved by the U.S. Congress, denies U.S. visas and freezes assets held in the United States.

The summit also backed Argentina in its effort to restructure its debt without having to pay the full amount to primarily hedge fund operators who demand full payment of $1.33 billion. The hedge fund claims have been upheld in the U.S. judicial system. The declaration denounced speculators.

The summit also invited member states to create a registry of cultural goods that had been taken and are now in other countries. The goal would be to get back the cultural items, which mainly are archaeological pieces.

The summit countries also expressed their solidarity with the Latin American and Caribbean states regarding the disputes with some transnational enterprises that the declaration said have polluted their territories, ecosystems and communities.

The summit also declared its opposition to slavery and said that the transatlantic shipment of humans should never again take place. There was support for a monument to slaves at the United Nations for which states were asked to contribute. There was no mention of slavery elsewhere in the world, principally Africa.

There also were declarations on issues that the countries that sent delegates have little power to make changes. These included nuclear weapons, although some nations would like to have them.

The summit also demanded the restructuring of the world’s financial system toward a new world order for living well. That would include donations from the developed countries.

The organization of states also said it wanted to have a formal affiliation with the United Nations.

Many of the other declarations have not yet been published.

Costa Rica said that it had obtained pledges of votes for other nations for the election of Elizabeth Odio Benito, a Costa Rican, to the Interamerican Court of Human Rights.

President Luis Guillermo Solís cut short the final session by some 90 minutes when he realized that Daniel Ortega, president of Nicaragua, had installed Rubén Berríos of the Partido Independentista de Puerto Rico as head of his delegation. Ortega clashed with Solís the day before over letting Berríos address the meeting with the status of a head of state. Ortega left Costa Rica Wednesday night.

The tone of the session was maintained by Evo Morales of Bolivia who railed against capitalism.

The summit was at the Pedregal Centro de Eventos, and the hosting of the two-day meeting of some 17 heads of state is being considered a successful diplomatic event. Costa Rican officials were able to hold many two-party talks with delegates from other countries.

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